The Akamba belong to the
Central Bantu sub-group, which is the highland Bantu.
They occupy five major districts:- Machakos, Kitui,
Makueni, Kibwezi and Mwingi in the Eastern province.
Their principal town is Machakos, which was once proposed
to be the capital of Kenya.
The major groups that form
the Akamba community include: Akilungu, Evaau, and Athaisu.
They believed in a supreme being whom they referred
to as “Ngai” or “Mweai”.
The Akamba were unique in that they traveled beyond
their immediate boundaries and associated with the people
they met. They were long distance traders and would
go on foot.
The Akamba believed that
their ancestor who was called Mukuu was droped from
heaven and landed at a place known as Vzciui on top
of a rock which still has his foot prints. He had a
wife and they gave birth to children who intermarried
to form the Akamba community. They spread out due to
fear of being raided off their cattle by the Maasai
hence, they would move far and wide trying to find hide
The Gusii people or Abagusii
as they call themselves dispersed at a mountain north
of Lake Victoria. It is probable that the mountain could
be Mt. Elgon. From the point of dispersion, the Gusii
people migrated southwards and settled along the shores
of lake Victoria. They called this settlement “Gisumo”,
meaning sheds or kraal, which they built there.
It is also believed that
in the distance past, the Kuria, Logolo, Suba, Bukusu,
Kikuyu, Meru Embu and the Kamba were the same people.
On their way South from a country called “Misri”,
they dispersed to different directions, the Kisii to
Mt. Elgon. It is believed that Mogusii was the founder
the Gusii ethnic group. It is further believed that
Mogusii was the son of Osogo, son of Moluuhio, son of
Riabaka who was the son of Kimto. It is also believed
that Molughia, the grand father of Mogusii had many
sons who founded the various Baluhyia sub-tribes and
among the seven sons included Mokikoyo and Osogo.
The Gikuyu are one of the
major ethnic communities in Kenya their current population
estimate rising to about six million. They occupy the
land at the foot of Mount Kenya. The land of Kikuyu
is to be found enclosed within the confines of four
mountains namely Mt. Kenya at the North-East corner,
the Aberdare ranges at the North west corner, the Ngong
hills at the South west corner and Oldonyo Sapuk at
the South east corner.
The story goes that there
was once a man by the name of Gikuyu and the name of
the founder of the tribe was called Mogai. Mogai is
believed to have created a big mountain called Kirinyaga.
(Mt.Kenya). this mountain was believed to be his resting
place. They also believe that Mogai chose a constructing
place for Gikuyu. At the selected place, he also found
a wife whom he named Muumbi. They had nine girls together.
Then he prayed to Mogai for a male heir and he was instructed
to offer a sacrifice.
After the sacrifice he was
told to take home his wife and daughters. After that
to go back to the sacred tree, and there he would find
nine handsome young men who would be willing to marry
his daughters under any condition that would please
him and his family. They therefore married his daughters.
It is important to note that
the clans were named according to the names of the daughters
i.e. Agachiko, Acheera, Airimo, Amboi, Angare, Anjiro,
Angoi, Ethaga and Aitherando. This suggests that the
Gikuyu might have been a matrilineal community.